Perceptions of Gender In Science and Engineering (GISE)

The 2022 GISE Survey

During 2022, in collaboration with INWES, INWES member KWSE ran a second international survey of perceptions of gender barriers in STEM. The survey was made available from May to October 2022. Questionnaires were available in English, French, Korean, Spanish, Traditional Chinese, and Portuguese.

For 2022, we were focussed on increasing responses from Africa, including the African diaspora. But responses from all over the world, from all parts of STEM, and of all genders were included in all analysis. 

The Final Technical Report

The 2022 Report on International Perceptions of Gender Barriers in STEM – Outputs and outcomes of the INWES-KWSE 2022 Survey and Study “Gender perceptions In Science and Engineering” (GISE) can be viewed and downloaded in PDF format by clicking here. 

We highlight in this report the development of the GISE Index to be able to compare regions or STEM sectors etc. This metric is based on two factors:

  • the Absolute Factor which encapsulates the views of gender barriers by women. Clearly if women do not perceive gender barriers then it is likely that there is better gender equality in that region (i.e. this factor represents the “what is”).
  • the Comparative Factor where the views of gender barriers by men and women are compared. Where there is agreement between men and women, then it is likely that progress towards gender equality in STEM is likely, and conversely if there is disagreement (and assuming it is men seeing fewer gender barriers than women), then there is less likelihood of progress towards gender equality (i.e. thei represents “what could be”).

Webinars and Events

The closing webinar Data for gender equality in STEM – Closing webinar for the KWSE-INWES GISE 2022 project was held on 8th December 2022 and a recording can be found on the INWES_Global YouTube channel and directly by clicking here.

A further webinar held during the CSW67 NGO Forum was aimed at disseminating the results of both the 2021 and 2022 surveys to a wider audience. This is also available on the INWES_Global YouTube channel.

For more information

To express an interest in this project, contact


There were many individuals and organisations who supoprted the GISE project, in particular across Africa, such as the UNESCO Offices in Central Africa, Congo and Cote d’Ivoire. The report contains a full list of everyone who contributed (see Acknowledgements, pp v-vi) but without KWSE and the Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea, this work would not have been possible.


  • The Report on the 2021 GISE project is available here:

The 2021 Report on International Perceptions of Gender Barriers in STEM (English), or 여성과학보고서 표지(최종) (Korean), Date of Publication December 2021, INWES & KWSE, ISBN 979-11-951557-6-7.

  • Summary information on the GISE project for presentations:

Powerpoint slide Summary in English
Diapositive Powerpoint en français
Diapositivo en formato Powerpoint en español


INWES-KWSE WEBINAR 17 December 2021

As the 2021 project drew to a close, we rounded off the final stages with a webinar on 17 December, 11AM UTC/GMT. This webinar was open to anyone interested and presented preliminary results and outputs from this pilot project. For more details:

A recording of the webinar can be found on the INWES_Global YouTube Channel and directly here:

Background to the project

INWES member KWSE, the Association of Korean Woman Scientists & Engineers, ran several very successful surveys on gender in STEM, in 2014, 2016, 2017, and 2018, supported by other INWES members and academics. Initially, the surveys targeted certain demographics of scientists and engineers, men and women, in the Asia and Pacific Nations Network region. In 2018, the African Regional Network also took part in the work funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea and the Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea. These series of surveys have provided much valuable information on the perceptions of the issues for women in STEM, and reports can be found in the INWES Resources page as well as on KWSE’s own website.

A new collaboration in 2021 between INWES and KWSE brings this survey to other global regions and extends the analysis. A key goal is to identify gender metrics that can be compared across different countries and different areas of STEM, and so provide a tool to help drive gender equality in STEM. This collaboration continues in 2022.

We encourage both men and women in STEM to take part in the survey! Your responses will help create a better world for all.

Data Protection and Confidentiality

The survey is fully anonymous and is being carried out to meet Canadian regulations for data privacy and EU GDPR (general data protection regulations). For more details see Data Protection and Confidentiality.

Funding and Direction

This project is funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT in Korea, and directed by KWSE, where the lead contact is Dr Sook Kyung Kim, Vice-President of KWSE International Network Committee. The INWES President Professor Jung Sun Kim and the INWES Vice President for Education & Research Battsengel Baatar provide an oversight for INWES.

We are also grateful for administration and secretariat support, ongoing from 2021, from Hyon Jung Jang and Yui Jung Min.

Contacts and more information

Keep a lookout on the INWES website News&Events page for future news on this project and a chance to help shape the project. Short articles on the project are also included in the INWES Newsletter.

For more information, contact the INWES Project Manager, Dr Sarah Peers, or the INWES President Prof Jung Sun Kim,


About the 2021 Project and Survey

The project ran from March to November 2021. The 2021 project was a pilot study and it was expected to lead to more projects in the future. The key outputs from this pilot project include

  • a survey based on past KWSE questionnaires
  • a final detailed technical report on the results of the survey, including gender metrics
  • a public report that highlights key results and suggests next steps for the future

The purpose of the survey is

  • to gather statistical data on gender perceptions in the STEM fields
  • by country, gender and age,
  • as a foundation/pilot for developing international indicators on women in STEM and a continued longitudinal study,
  • and to play a key role in building a policy road map for the balanced development of future human resources worldwide.

The questionnaire for the survey asks respondents for their views on gender barriers in STEM education, research and in the work environment. For this pilot, the survey is targeted at ten countries: including South Korea and Asia, the European Union, countries in Africa and in the Americas. Men and women working in three STEM specialisms were invited to take part. Future studies will cover many more countries and specialisms and all ages.


Acknowledgements for 2021

The Advisory Group

Meetings have been held with an Advisory Group that includes leads from KWSE (the Korean Association of Woman Scientists & Engineers), INWES, and from INWES Regional Networks. Prof Jung Sun Kim, INWES President and member of KWSE, acts as Chair of the GISE Advisory Group. Prof Jinah Park (KWSE Vice President, Chair of International Network Committee at KWSE, Professor at KAIST) and Dr Hyun-Ok Kim (KWSE Secretary General, Senior Researcher of Korea Aerospace Research Institute) are the leads from KWSE. Prof Battsengel Baatar, INWES Vice President of Education & Research also acts as the lead INWES representative for this project.

We are also delighted to include in the group: Professor Kong-Ju-Bock Lee, physics expert and lead expert in past KWSE surveys, of Ewha Womans University, South Korea; Dr Hye Young Park, a gender specialist from Dongseo University who has worked on past KWSE surveys; and Professor Clem Hermann, founder and Editor in Chief of the open access International Journal of Gender Science and Technology, of the Open University, UK. INWES Deputy President, Nadia Ghazzali, Professor of Statistics at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Canada, provides valuable guidance.

We are also very grateful for the kind support of everyone taking part in this group who also advised on the methodology for the survey. In particular the country leads who are supporting dissemination of the questionnaire:

  • Aguri Nakano, for Japan
  • Ariunbolor Purvee, for Mongolia
  • Belen Garcia de Pablos, for the European Union
  • Fatoumata Balde and Mrs Rufina Dabo Sarr, for Senegal, Kenya and Nigeria
  • Jung Sun Kim, for South Korea
  • Maria Jose Morales, for Mexico
  • Najla Triki, for Tunisia
  • Seema Singh, for India

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